Permitting: Studies regarding Environmental Impact, Social Impact and others are completed and presented to the appropriate government agencies, who review the impacts and the proposed management plans and determine if they will provide approvals and permission for the Project to go ahead. If and when the permits are approved, the project can move forward. Between this phase and the Pre-Construction Phase, the EPC Contractor is hired, and they will begin recruitment and contracting for their teams.
Pre-Construction/Site Preparation: Pre-Construction and site preparation usually fall under two big groups of tasks: the creation of the infrastructure necessary to start building (offices, cafeterias and toilets for workers, road improvements etc.), and the preparation of the physical footprint to begin construction. This second section involves the removal of plants and animals and any movable cultural heritage if it exists, from the project site, and the evening of the soil to make a flat base on which to build the panel mounting systems.
Construction: Once the land is ready for the mounting systems, construction begins. Diches are dug to provide the foundations for the panel mounting systems, and to lay the electric cabling. The mounting systems are constructed and installed, and the panels are attached to the rigs. Depending on this Project this will be the time that transmission lines and substations are built as needed. Post-Construction: The Panels are connected to the systems and the process of ensuring the panels are able to produce power effectively and safely, and that all the components are functioning. Operation: A small number of experts remain on site making sure that all the components continue working appropriately, and providing monitoring and maintenance, for the duration of the Project. This can last between 20-30 years depending on the Project.
Abandonment and Closure: At the end of the Project's established life cycle, if the Project owner does not want to expand or replace the technology with new technology, the project will be abandoned and closed. This involves the removal of all existing Project infrastructure, including all panels, mounting systems etc., and disposing of the components as dictated by national legislative requirements for industrial waste.